Software engineering jobs: All of your options (2022)

Software engineers, also called software developers, apply the principles and concepts of engineering to software development. Software engineering jobs put you at the heart of software design, testing, and maintenance.

With a software engineering degree, you have the skills and knowledge to create new and exciting software while simultaneously improving upon existing programs and systems.

Projected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to experience 22% job growth by 2030, software engineering is an in-demand and lucrative field.

What is it like to work in a software engineering job?

Software engineering jobs blend engineering, software development, and programming knowledge and skills. Software engineers work across industries, designing, building and managing software programs for use in computers and applications alike.

Software engineers typically work in an office setting as part of a team. Remote work may be an option, but cooperative and collaborative activities mean software engineers can work both independently and in a group setting.

With fellow programmers, designers, and developers, software engineers plan the scope and order of software function and performance. Software engineering's variety allows you to pursue a career you find rewarding and lucrative.

Whether you want to design practical applications, educational programs, games, or some other type of software, becoming a software engineer can make it happen.

How much money can you make in software engineering?

Earning potential as a software engineer varies by education, experience, industry, and location, among other factors. According to PayScale, the average base salary for software engineers in April 2022 was $88,570.

The BLS states the top-paying industries for software engineers include transportation and computer manufacturing. California, Washington, and New York are the states paying top wages for software engineering jobs.

A bachelor's degree is the foundation for a job in software engineering, but earning additional certifications and advanced degrees can increase earning potential.

Software engineers with credentials in advanced programming, project management, and computer-aided drafting technologies demonstrate expertise in specific and essential aspects of the job.

(Video) Career Paths for Software Engineers and how to navigate it.

What can you do with a software engineering degree?

Earning a software engineering degree sets you on a path to a software engineer job, but experience also impresses potential employers. You may also find career advancement with a software engineering master's degree.

Applications architect

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $124,690 average base salary (Feb. 2022)

Applications architects create, maintain, and oversee the development of software for applications. They collaborate with designers and developers to streamline design processes and testing guidelines. An applications architect understands how all parts of an application system work together, defines application requirements, and identifies potential limitations.

Computer and information research scientist

Minimum degree required: Master's degree
Salary expectations: $131,490 annual median pay (May 2021)

Computer and information research scientists develop theories and models to address problems in computing. They determine computing and system requirements, use existing and new languages and tools to meet them, and test their efforts. Computer and information research scientists may specialize in areas including programming or robotics.

Computer network architect

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $120,520 annual median pay (May 2021)

Computer network architects design, build, and oversee communication networks. They may focus on local area networks, wide area networks, or intranets. Computer network architects develop plans for information management. They implement, monitor, and upgrade software and hardware as needed, introducing new technologies as they become available.

Computer programmer

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $93,000 annual median pay (May 2021)

Computer programmers write, edit, and test code for software and applications. They use their detailed knowledge of programming languages to make software designs functional and efficient. Computer programmers may work alongside software developers or take on development duties.

Computer systems analyst

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $99,270 annual median pay (May 2021)

Tasked with monitoring computer systems, computer systems analysts identify ways to improve functionality, cost benefits, and efficiency. Computer systems analysts research new workplace technologies, such as financial or healthcare computer systems. They may design or oversee the installation of new systems, often training others to use them.

Computer systems analysts are also called programmer analysts and information technology project managers, depending on their specific duties.

(Video) Career Paths For Software Engineers

Data engineer

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $93,270 annual median pay (April 2022)

Data engineers create algorithms to collect, process, and organize large datasets. They may prepare datasets for further study by data scientists or analyze the data for trends and patterns themselves.

These professionals should be proficient in Linux and data structuring. Programming languages including Java, SQL, and Python are also useful.

Information security analyst


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Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $102,600 annual median pay (May 2021)

Information security analysts plan and implement security measures for computer networks and systems. They identify security needs, monitor threats, and upgrade security measures. These professionals also recommend enhancements, develop and train users about best practices for information security, and stay current on infiltration methods.

Information systems manager

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $85,230 average base salary (April 2022)

Information systems managers oversee information technology employees, needs, and processes. They create, implement, and manage plays to develop network and desktop technologies. Information systems managers troubleshoot and mitigate problems using their understanding of information security, network administration, and computer hardware and software.

Mobile application developer

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $74,800 average base salary (April 2022)

Mobile application developers create apps for smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices. Mobile application developers master programming languages such as Objective-C, Swift, and Javascript and gain experience with HTML, cloud storage, and wireless networks. They design the look and mechanics of applications — sometimes working alongside UX/UI designers — and address bugs.

SEE: Mobile app development bootcamps

(Video) How I Learned to Code in 4 MONTHS & Got a Job Offer (no CS Degree)

Network systems administrator

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $80,600 annual median salary (May 2021)

Network systems administrators supervise computer and network systems' daily operations. This may include local area networks, wide area networks, network segments, intranets, or comparable data communication structures.

Network systems administrators monitor network system users, maintain network system security, and train others to use hardware and software.

Quality assurance engineer

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $72,230 average base salary (April 2022)

Quality assurance engineers test software to identify bugs and potential security issues. They document their findings, make recommendations to software developers about changes, and continuously run tests to ensure software works.

Quality assurance engineers need experience with programming languages, software development processes, and security protocols.

Software engineer

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $88,570 average base salary (April 2022)

Software engineers work closely with programmers, designers, and fellow software professionals to map out programming tasks at the micro and macro levels. They prioritize overall software performance. Software engineers know programming and coding alongside processes and practices used throughout the software development process.

Solutions architect

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $121,290 average base salary (April 2022)

Solutions architects help organizations identify and implement hardware and software to meet objectives. Solutions architects test data requirements, find ways to improve existing processes, and design and develop new technical solutions to match goals.

Web developer


Full-stack web development bootcamps: Top programs Full-stack web development bootcamps offer some of the most direct, accessible, and affordable educational pathways to the web developer and engineer professions. Read now
(Video) Career Paths for Software Engineers

Minimum degree required: Bachelor's degree
Salary expectations: $77,200 annual median pay (May 2020)

Commonalities exist among software engineer vs. web developer jobs. Both roles require skills in programming languages, software development processes and practices, and computer hardware. One of the main differences between the two is that web developers design, create, and maintain websites, while software engineering jobs include working with many software programs and systems.

Web developers may focus on the look and feel of a website (the front end), the technical aspects of a website (the back end) or do both as a full-stack developer.

This article was reviewed by Monali Mirel Chuatico

Software engineering jobs: All of your options (3)

In 2019, Monali Mirel Chuatico graduated with her bachelor's in computer science, which gave her the foundation that she needed to excel in roles such as a data engineer, front-end developer, UX designer, and computer science instructor.

Monali is currently a data engineer at Mission Lane. As a data analytics captain at a nonprofit called COOP Careers, Monali helps new grads and young professionals overcome underemployment by teaching them data analytics tools and mentoring them on their professional development journey.

Monali is passionate about implementing creative solutions, building community, advocating for mental health, empowering women, and educating youth. Monali's goal is to gain more experience in her field, expand her skill set, and do meaningful work that will positively impact the world.

Monali Mirel Chuatico is a paid member of the Red Ventures Education freelance review network.

Last reviewed March 31, 2022.

Unless otherwise noted, salary and job growth data was drawn from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics as of April 26, 2022.

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(Video) The Fastest Path Into Software Engineering - Career Change 2022


Which job is best for software engineer? ›

Here's a list of the 10 Highest Paying Jobs For Software Engineers in 2022 which are the best ones in the tech industry:
  • Full Stack Developer. ...
  • Data Scientist. ...
  • Software Architect. ...
  • SQA Engineer. ...
  • Android Engineer/Developer. ...
  • DevOps Engineer. ...
  • Backend Engineer. ...
  • Application Security Engineer.
5 Jun 2022

What job category is a software engineer? ›

Software engineers are computer science professionals who use knowledge of engineering principles and programming languages to build software products, develop computer games, and run network control systems.

How many types of software engineer are there? ›

12 Different Types of Software Engineers (With Salaries)

Which field is best for future? ›

10 Best Career Fields in Demand
  • Financial Services. ...
  • Education Arena. ...
  • Technical Jobs. ...
  • Business Services Jobs. ...
  • Sales Jobs. ...
  • Consulting Jobs. ...
  • Engineering Jobs. ...
  • Middle Management Jobs. Research and Development Manager, Product Manager, Risk Management Manager.

Which software field is best? ›

Best Software Development Courses
  • Mobile App Development. ...
  • Web Programming/Web Design. ...
  • Artificial Intelligence. ...
  • Data Analytics. ...
  • DevOps. ...
  • UI/UX Development. ...
  • Database Administration (DBA) ...
  • Cyber Security.

Who is the world best software engineer? ›

1. Dennis Ritchie: Dennis Ritchie “Father of the C programming language” who also created UNIX operating system along with his long-time colleague Ken Thompson. He was an American Computer Scientist.

Who is the highest paid software engineer? ›

Top 10 highest paying software jobs in 2022
  • Data security analyst. ...
  • Data scientists. ...
  • DevOps engineer. ...
  • Mobile app developer. ...
  • Full-stack developers. ...
  • Data warehouse architects. ...
  • Site reliability engineers (SRE) ...
  • System engineer.

Which engineering has highest salary? ›

Top 10 Highest Paying Engineering Jobs of 2022
  • Systems Engineer. ...
  • Electrical Engineer. ...
  • Chemical Engineer. ...
  • Big Data Engineer. ...
  • Nuclear Engineer. ...
  • Aerospace Engineer. ...
  • Computer Hardware Engineer. ...
  • Petroleum Engineer.
24 Mar 2022

Is software engineering stressful? ›

Surprisingly, the job of a software engineer is relaxed and with low levels of stress despite the many challenges that come along in the profession such as working long hours, working on legacy code, dealing with bad managers, or having tough clients.

What language do software engineers use? ›

Although Java and Python are great languages for system programming, C++ is the most popular choice.

Is IT hard to be a software engineer? ›

Yes, software engineering can be somewhat hard to learn initially – especially for those without programming or coding skills or any background or knowledge of tech – but there are many courses, tools, and other resources available to help people learn to become a Software Engineer.

What are the 3 main software types? ›

There are different types of software that can run on a computer: system software, utility software, and application software.

Is software engineer 1 or 2 higher? ›

The standard software engineering career levels are as follows: Level 1 - Software Engineer. Level 2 - Senior Engineer. Level 3 - Staff Engineer (alternate: Senior Staff Engineer)

What are the 7 categories of software? ›

Software is mainly classified into seven categories – System software, Application software, Engineering/scientific software, embedded software, Product line software, Web applications, and Artificial intelligence software.

How do I decide my career? ›

Choosing a career: 7 ways to explore your options
  1. Examine yourself. ...
  2. Reflect on your motivations. ...
  3. Think about your long-term goals. ...
  4. Take different self-assessment tests. ...
  5. Explore sectors. ...
  6. Explore industries. ...
  7. Seek out professional resources. ...
  8. Explore career options on your list.
16 Aug 2022

What degree is most useful? ›

Here is a list of the most useful college majors based on post-graduate employment and median annual wage as noted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics:
  • Physics. ...
  • Political science. ...
  • Business administration. ...
  • Nursing. ...
  • Meteorology. ...
  • General engineering. ...
  • Materials science. ...
  • Chemical engineering.

Which field is best in 2030? ›

15 Jobs You'll Be Recruiting for in 2030
  • Organ creator. ...
  • Augmented-reality journey builder. ...
  • Metaverse planner. ...
  • Biofilm installer. ...
  • Earthquake forecaster. ...
  • Makeshift structure engineer. ...
  • Algorithm bias auditor. ...
  • Rewilder.

Which is the No 1 software in the world? ›

Microsoft is the biggest software company in the world. Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.

Is software testing difficult? ›

Good software testing is not an easy job. It is extremely difficult to perform high-quality software testing. This is because of the wide range of knowledge areas that are, in one way or another, affected, and the range of required skills.

Which city is best for software jobs? ›

San Francisco, New York, Seattle — home to some of the biggest names in the tech world — are often the first cities that come to mind when you think of where to kickstart your software engineering career.

Which country is No 1 in software industry? ›

1. China. The software development market in China is flourishing like never before, with technologies like Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence taking the front seat. At the end of 2020, the software industry in China had generated a revenue of €900 billion.

Which country is best in coding? ›

China: China is home to some of the fastest-growing tech companies in the world, producing 4.7 million tech graduates every year. Chinese coding and programming opportunities provide great resources for professionals to boost their careers.

Which country is top in software? ›

All you need to do is look at these best offshore software development countries to find some.
10 Best Offshore Software Development Countries Today
  1. China. ...
  2. Hungary. ...
  3. India. ...
  4. The Philippines. ...
  5. Poland. ...
  6. Russia. ...
  7. South Korea. ...
  8. Taiwan.
5 Jan 2022

Why is software engineer salary so high? ›

Engineers are not only paid for their works to be done, but also for “future work” that they might need to do by “keep updating themselves”. So that's it! Three things that make software engineers highly paid: limited supply for its demand, high responsibilities, and the effort to be adaptive. Hope you enjoy the story!

Which software pays highest salary? ›

List of companies of the highest paying software companies in India for freshers and experienced engineers.
  • Google.
  • Microsoft.
  • Apple.
  • Atlassian.
  • Twilio.
  • Tower Research.
  • Juniper Networks.
  • Cisco.

Which programming language has highest salary? ›

Check out our free courses related to software development. Highest paying jobs that you can get by knowing these programming languages: 1.
In-Demand Software Development Skills
  • Kotlin. ...
  • Ruby on Rails. ...
  • Perl. ...
  • C# ...
  • Python. ...
  • Java. ...
  • Swift.
22 Sept 2022

Which engineer is best for future? ›

15 best engineering jobs for the future
  • Civil engineer.
  • Chemical engineer.
  • Environmental engineer.
  • Biomedical engineer.
  • Safety engineer.
  • Hardware engineers.
  • Aeronautical engineer.
  • Engineering managers.

Which engineering is hardest? ›

What Is the Hardest Engineering Major?
Top 3 Hardest Engineering MajorsTop 3 Easiest Engineering Majors
1. Chemical engineering (19.66 hours)1. Industrial engineering (15.68 hours)
2. Aero and astronautical engineering (19.24 hours)2. Computer engineering and technology (16.46 hours)
1 more row

Are software engineers happy? ›

Software engineers are about average in terms of happiness. At CareerExplorer, we conduct an ongoing survey with millions of people and ask them how satisfied they are with their careers. As it turns out, software engineers rate their career happiness 3.2 out of 5 stars which puts them in the bottom 46% of careers.

How many hours software engineers work? ›

On average, software engineers work 8-9 hours a day or 40-45 hours a week. However, this can vary depending on multiple factors. For example, if you're working for a startup, you might need to work 50-60 hours per week to quickly launch the product or service.

Do software engineers live long? ›

The simple answer is yes, engineers tend to have longer lives than those in many other professions, but there is always a lot more happening behind the scenes when it comes to statistics.

Should I learn C++ or Python? ›

In C++, the scope of variables is limited within the loops. Conclusion : Python leads to one conclusion: Python is better for beginners in terms of its easy-to-read code and simple syntax. Additionally, Python is a good option for web development (backend), while C++ is not very popular in web development of any kind.

Should I learn Java or C++ first? ›

Most programmers agree that Java is easier to learn first. Java's syntax is usually easier for new programmers to understand. The syntax requirements in C++ are very strict. It is difficult to write C++ in a readable way and making a single mistake can set off a chain of errors.

Which code should I learn first? ›

Python is always recommended if you're looking for an easy and even fun programming language to learn first. Rather than having to jump into strict syntax rules, Python reads like English and is simple to understand for someone who's new to programming.

Is software engineering math heavy? ›

Despite its name, software engineering does not require math. At least, it doesn't require as much math as you might think. There are numbers and problem-solving, but you won't have to break out your AP Calculus certificate or trigonometry textbook to program—or engineer—software.

Is software coding difficult? ›

Programming has a reputation for being one of the most difficult disciplines to master. Considering how different it is from traditional forms of education, including college degrees in computer science, it's not hard to see why some people have difficulty learning how to code.

Is it fun to be a Software Engineer? ›

Most Software Engineers have, at some point, spent time coding and programming purely for fun – they enjoy scanning code for errors and other programming puzzles. The best software engineering pros love to build things and they love to fix things, and they enjoy the day-to-day work of being a Software Engineer.

What is a level 7 programmer? ›

Senior Staff Software Engineer (Level 7) is essentially L6 with larger expectations. Guidance for years of experience begins to break down at this level, as most candidates with ten or more years experience will be hired at Level 6 unless there is a strong reason to offer a higher level.

What is a Level 5 engineer? ›

Engineers at level five are typically senior staff engineers or advanced staff engineers. People working in these jobs typically have a minimum of seven or eight years of experience in their field. They should have the ability to perform programming tasks and large engineering projects with Independence and expertise.

What are the 2 types of system software? ›

  • 1 Operating systems or system control program.
  • 2 Utility software or system support programs.

What is software engineering example? ›

Examples of technical skills for software engineers include computer language programming and coding, software testing, debugging, OOD, database management, etc.

Why do we need software? ›

Computer hardware is virtually useless without computer software. Software is the programs that are needed to accomplish the input, processing, output, storage, and control activities of information systems.

What is the next role after software engineer? ›

Development Team Lead, Software Development Manager

Management is the next logical and traditional step along the software developer career path. There are different focuses and responsibilities for managers that include: Managing large-scale projects.

What is the job demand for software engineers? ›

Software Engineers' Job Outlook and Career Prospects. Software engineers enjoy overall strong job prospects. BLS projections indicate a 25% nationwide growth for common software engineering roles from 2021-2031, over three times faster than the average for all occupations.

What is the job scope of a software engineer? ›

Their role includes analyzing and modifying existing software as well as designing, constructing and testing end-user applications that meet user needs — all through software programming languages. The role also focuses on the complex and large software systems that make up the core systems for an organization.

What is scope of software engineering in Pakistan? ›

With the biggest demand for new software and mobile applications, the need for software engineers continues to rise all over the world. In Pakistan every year with the rate of 35% software Engg field is increasing. Pakistani software industry shares USD 2.8 million in the international market.

Do software engineers have a future? ›

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the number of job opportunities in software development is projected to increase 22% from 2020 to 2030, much higher than the projected national average growth rate for all professions of 8%.

Is software engineering stressful? ›

Surprisingly, the job of a software engineer is relaxed and with low levels of stress despite the many challenges that come along in the profession such as working long hours, working on legacy code, dealing with bad managers, or having tough clients.

What type of software is in demand? ›

This ranges from around 2,500 outstandings job postings with Golang at the bottom to 84,000 outstanding postings for Python at the top.
1. Python, SQL and Java are the most advertised software skills
  • Python.
  • SQL.
  • Java.
  • Javascript.
  • C++
  • C#
  • Ruby.

Why is software engineering so hard? ›

When people, process, and software come together, with dynamic rules created by business, software engineering becomes hard. We cannot know everything by seeing the code. Every decision is a tradeoff. We can analyze the code and understand what is there, but we don't know why something is not there.

How do I know if software engineering is for me? ›

How to Know if Software Engineering is the Right Career For You
  1. A dedication to learning. ...
  2. A passion for improving what's around you. ...
  3. A logical, analytical mindset. ...
  4. A sharp attention to detail. ...
  5. The ability to work with others.
16 Nov 2017

Which country is best for software engineer study? ›

Switzerland, Canada, and Australia are considered the top three countries to work as a software engineer. Therefore, studying software engineering abroad is the perfect choice for students interested in an overseas xperience.

What skills do software engineers need? ›

You'll want to focus on developing these core skills.
  • Computer Programming and Coding. ...
  • Software Development. ...
  • Object-Oriented Design (OOD) ...
  • Software Testing and Debugging. ...
  • Problem Solving and Logical Thinking. ...
  • Written and Verbal Communication. ...
  • Teamwork. ...
  • Find a Home for Your Software Engineering Skills.

How do I start studying software engineering? ›

Here are four steps you can take to become a software engineer without entering a formal computer science degree program.
  1. Learn a Programming Language. ...
  2. Learn Data Structures and Algorithms. ...
  3. Build a Portfolio on Github. ...
  4. Ace the Coding Interview. ...
  5. Expand Your Knowledge.
1 Dec 2021

Does software engineering require coding? ›

Software engineering broadly refers to the practice of building, maintaining, and improving computer software and networking systems. Software engineers, in turn, have extensive knowledge of coding languages, software development, and engineering principles.

Is it hard to be a software engineer? ›

Yes, software engineering can be somewhat hard to learn initially – especially for those without programming or coding skills or any background or knowledge of tech – but there are many courses, tools, and other resources available to help people learn to become a Software Engineer.

What is the real salary of a software engineer? ›

The average salary for a Software Engineer in US is $121,162. The average additional cash compensation for a Software Engineer in US is $14,326. The average total compensation for a Software Engineer in US is $135,488.

What is the one month salary of software engineer? ›

Average salary for a Software Engineer in India is 5.3 Lakhs per year (₹44.2k per month). Salary estimates are based on 347535 salaries received from various Software Engineers across industries.


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